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# Calculate distance between two latitude – longitude points using MySQL.

February 04, 2014

Here is a mysql function to calculate distance between two latitude – longitude points. This function can be used to calculate distance either using input values or SQL join queries. The function accepts four parameters, source latitude, source longitude, destination latitude, destination longitude and returns the distance between the points in kilometers.

``````DELIMITER \$\$
CREATE FUNCTION `distance`(Q_LAT FLOAT, Q_LONG FLOAT, NAV_LAT FLOAT, NAV_LONG FLOAT) RETURNS float
BEGIN
DECLARE theta FLOAT;
DECLARE dist FLOAT;
DECLARE PI FLOAT;

SET PI = PI();
SET dist = 0;

IF ((Q_LAT IS NULL OR Q_LAT = 0) OR (Q_LONG IS NULL OR Q_LONG = 0)
OR (NAV_LAT IS NULL OR NAV_LAT = 0) OR (NAV_LONG IS NULL OR NAV_LONG = 0)) THEN
RETURN dist;
ELSE
SET radlat1 = PI * (Q_LAT/180);
SET radlat2 = PI * (NAV_LAT/180);
SET radlon1 = PI * (Q_LONG/180);
SET radlon2 = PI * (NAV_LONG/180);
SET theta = Q_LONG-NAV_LONG;
SET radtheta = PI * (theta/180);
SET dist = ACOS(dist);
SET dist = dist * (180/PI);
SET dist = dist * 60 * 1.1515;
SET dist = dist * 1.609344;

SET dist = CEILING(dist);

RETURN dist;
END IF;
END\$\$
``````

The above SQL query will create a function named ‘distance’. After creating it, the function can be used to calculate distance between two points.

A simple query with static inputs will look like this,

``````SELECT distance(9.992952,76.296208,10.014691,76.363939)
``````

And here is an example query using `join`

``````SELECT`id`, distance(9.992952,76.296208,`b`.`latitude`,`b`.`longitude`)
FROM `a` JOIN `table` as `c` on `a`.`id` = `b`.`user_id`;
``````

The same math can be used to create similar function in any language. Let me know if you need help in porting this to any other language :)